Endocrinology deals with illnesses related to hormones. A subfield of internal medicine, it is a wide field encompassing issues related to metabolism, reproduction and movement. The field focuses on the endocrine glands, which release hormones into the bloodstream. A visit to an office of endocrinology in Las Vegas is a starting point for post menopausal women who might be suffering from issues related to weakened bones.
Menopause and Bone Loss
Estrogen helps protect the bone forming and absorbing cells in the body. But, when women reach the menopausal stage in their lives, their estrogen levels often decreases sharply. These women are thus at risk for bone loss, which can lead to osteoporosis. People with osteoporosis develop weak bones, which might break with the minutest activity–such as sneezing.
Bone Density Test
Doctors review the results of bone density tests to get an idea of their patient’s bone health. Such tests measure the mineral density in the bones. After the test, the person receives a Z-score and a T-score. The Z-score compares the person’s bone density to that of a normal healthy person of the same age, while the T-Score measures bone density of people over 50.
If a person has a standard deviation of 1, then he or she is within the normal range, but if a person’s deviation is 2.5 or more below the norm, that person might have osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis and Exercise
Menopausal women might find an exercise program aimed at people with osteoporosis helpful. Such programs focus on strengthening bones and muscles, and improving balance and coordination. In this way, falls and bone fractures are avoided. Exercises that are helpful include walking and weight lifting exercises. Workouts that involves balancing and proper posture increase muscle strength, so they’re also useful for preventing falls.
If a post menopausal woman visits an office of endocrinology in Las Vegas, her endocrinologist might prescribe certain medications to help her if she needs osteoporosis treatment. Common medications include Alendronate, Risedronate, Ibandronate and Zoledronic acid. These drugs help to slow the process that causes women to lose bone density.
Doctors also use growth hormones to treat hormone deficiencies in adults. Growth hormones are peptides that stimulate growth and regeneration. For example, a recent endocrinology study showed that growth hormones were successful in helping postmenopausal women improve bone density and reduce the risks of bone fractures.
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