Common Features of the Annual Medical Check-Up

The annual physical or yearly checkup is a routine part of any patient’s preventative medical care. The doctor or physician’s assistant will conduct an in-depth examination to determine whether advanced tests or blood work in Las Vegas is necessary.

Taking a Thorough History

For patients who aren’t experiencing any obvious signs of illness or disease, a yearly doctor’s visit will usually begin with a physical examination. If the doctor isn’t already aware of the details, he or she will inquire about the patient’s medical history, as well as lifestyle behaviors like diet, exercise, and sexual activity. The doctor may also ask about a patient’s family medical history to find out if there are risk factors for hereditary diseases or cancer.

Checking Vital Signs

After gathering details about a patient’s medical history, the doctor will then perform a physical examination. Most physical examinations will begin with a check of a patient’s vital signs including blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, and respiration. The doctor will also observe the patient during the examination to determine if there are any outward signs of problems. The doctor will note any memory troubles, skin issues, or mobility issues that become apparent during the exam.

The Physical Examination

A doctor will conduct a full examination during the check-up that will include an examination of the patient’s outward appearance and the behavior of internal organs like the heart. For example, the doctor will listen to the patient’s heart and lungs to determine whether there are decreased breath sounds or wheezing. These issues could be a sign of heart disease or lung disease.

The doctor will also examine the patient’s neck and head. While asking the patient to open his or her mouth and say “Ah,” the doctor will be able to look at the patient’s throat and tonsils, as well as the condition of the patient’s teeth. The doctor may be able to find evidence of disease by looking for various indicators in the sinuses, lymph nodes, ears, and nose.

The check-up will also feature gender-based examinations. For example, a man will undergo a testicular exam and a prostate exam. A woman will usually receive a breast exam and a pelvic exam.

Some diseases, like heart disease, are cumulative, and early treatment helps reduce long-term damage. Early detection may also reduce the number of medications a patient needs in the long run. Therefore, the annual medical check-up is an important part of a patient’s overall medical care.

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